By Narayan Neupane
24 Oct, Kathmandu : Some fringe political parties have made the five development regions as a model for federalizing the country in course of preparing their election manifesto for the upcoming Constituent Assembly (CA) election.
The parties are seen having debates whether to prefer for executive president or the executive Prime Minister to include in their election manifesto prepared for the CA election scheduled for November 19 regarding the form of governance.
The Nepal Sadbhawana Party stressed on the need of federalizing the country into three states on capacity and regional basis and mentioned that the president should be elected from among the representatives elected from the parliament and federal states.
Sarita Giri, Chairperson of the Nepal Sadbhawana Party, said her party was for executive Prime Minister responsible to the Parliament. The Sadbhawana Party has fielded 87 candidates for the first-past-the-post election system and 99 for proportional system in the CA election.
Chairman of the Nepal Communist Party Marxist-Leninist (Socialist), Bishnu Nath Aryal said his party has a concept of directly elected president for the form of governance while it has stressed on the need of forming five federal states including 100 autonomous development councils. The party fielded 30 candidates for FPTP election system and 52 candidates for proportional representative election system.
Likewise, Rastriya Chure Bhawar Party is for directly elected prime minister and constitutional president while proposed existing five Development Regions as the federal states, said Shyam Shrestha, Vice-chairman of the party. The Chure Bhawar Party has fielded 23 candidates for FPTP election system while 82 for PR system in the CA election.
The United Green Organization has fielded 55 candidates, four in FPTP election system and fifty-one in the PR system in the CA election and has advocated against federalism while it was for executive prime minister and constitutional president as a form of governance, said Bijuli Prasad Timilsina, Chairman of the Organization.
The Rastriya Ekta Party, Rastriya Loktantrik Yuba Party, Sanghiya Bikasbadi Party are federalizing the country to five federal states to the existing Five Development Regions to prevent the nation from splitting into pieces in the name of federalism.
Bishnu Kumar Rai, Chairman of the Hindu Democratic Party Nepal, said his party was against federalizing the country as discussed by some political parties, influential in Nepali politics.
Naya Sanghiyata Janadharana Party was for the prime minister and president responsible to people thereby directly elected, said Gurudev Kamait, Chairman of the Janadharana Party.
Janata Dal Democratic Party has also fielded its 44 candidates for the FPTP election system while 83 for PR system is for four federal states dividing east-west, hills and Terai and one other ruled by the centre, said Harinarayan Kamati, Chairman of the Janata Dal. He added that his party prefers executive prime minister and constitutional president.
Moreover, Chairperson of the Nepal Shanti Kshetra Parishad, Sushma Badal, opined that it would be proper to adopt the policy of decentralization rather than dividing the whole country into different splits. Rastriya Janata Party is also for decentralization rather than federalism.
Chairman of Deshbhakta Samaj Party, Dronacharya Adhikari, said his party has forwarded the concept of decentralizing the central power to local bodies giving additional rights to VDCs than going to federalism.
Nepal Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) prepared its election manifesto and that it has stressed on making 10 states including the Terai and hill regions on each of them, said Chairman of the party, Pundari Prasad Belbase.
He stressed on the need of ensuring services such as food, shelter, clothes, health and education by the state saying his party has included such issues in the party’s election manifesto. RSS