The country’s economic growth is our primative step where as the national interests that bring our country to the foreign ground are another thing to consider for the stable inner and outer growth of Nepal. This will empower our national strength. In a simple way we can point out the following few elements of National Strength.
1. Geography, 2. Natural Resources, 3.Population, 4. Economic Development and Industrial Capacity, 5. Leadership, 6. Diplomacy etc. To increase and sustain in the national strength, all mentioned factors play equal role, but here I focus on the Foreign Diplomacy.
Diplomacy is the most important element of national power. Hans J. Morgenthau regards it as the most important, though unstable element of national strength. Diplomacy is the means of foreign policy and as such helps it to achieve better results through judicious hard work and persuasion in international relations. Success of foreign policy of a nation largely depends upon the quality of Diplomacy that takes it to foreign capitals.
The role of diplomacy as an element of national power has undergone a big change in contemporary times. The emergence of new diplomacy—open and conference diplomacy, has somewhat limited its role as a factor of national power. Diplomacy of high quality can bring the ends and means of foreign policy into harmony with the available resources of national power. It can effectively contribute towards an effective and successful exercise of national power. Hence we discuss about some of the leading foreign policies of the world.
US foreign policy :
The United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs states as some of its jurisdictional goals: “export controls, including nonproliferation of nuclear technology and nuclear hardware; measures to foster commercial interaction with foreign nations and to safeguard American business abroad; international commodity agreements; international education; and protection of American citizens abroad and expatriation. U.S. foreign policy and foreign aid have been the subject of much debate, praise and criticism, both domestically and abroad.
EU foreign policy :
An overview of the various approaches which scholars have used to conceptualise the nature of the EU and its external action, including Civilian Power, Normative Power, Market Power, Structural Power, Ethical Power, the Capability-Expectations Gap, Presence-Actorness, EU External Governance, etc.
Modi’s foreign policy:
Modi is was seemed fully focused on improving relations with neighbouring countries in South Asia, engaging the extended neighbourhood in Southeast Asia and the major global powers. In pursuit of this, he has made official visits to Bhutan, Nepal and Japan within the first 100 days of his government, followed by the United States, Myanmar, Australia, and Fiji.
How Nepal’s foreign policy should be :
according to the Rebent Bahadur KC the nepalese foreign policy analyst, The
Foreign policy is administered and conducted in a dynamic external environment. It demands specific knowledge, academic excellence, intellectual depth, analytical capability, negotiation art and skills to serve the broader national interests. Diplomats work as the government’s extended arms and ears, and the formal communication channel, constantly keeping their eyes open on the ongoing developments in the host countries and making available the latest information and intelligence collected from various formal and informal sources to facilitate the government into tuning its policies, programmes and strategies accordingly.
3 factors determining foreign policy :
On the first axis, we can list “Alignment of Foreign Policy Objectives.” This is principally based on how do nations match up on believing their relationship will achieve a desirable outcome and what’s considered a “desirable outcome” will largely be driven by the nation’s interests. The farther along the right of the axis, the closer the nations align in their foreign policy principles and goals.
On the second axis, we can list “Cooperation on Foreign Policy Objectives.” This merges how willing are the nations to invest or share their resources in the pursuit of a meaningful relationship. The farther up the axis, the more the nations are willing to cooperate.
The other thing to consider is that the axis represent a continuum, with no nation ever falling perfectly into one of the four corners, as no nation will be perfectly cooperative or perfectly aligned to another’s policies because, again, there will always be a measure of self-interest driving their relationship.
Here is a point to be very serious about what are we going to hand over to our upcoming generations regarding the diplomacy ? Why don’t we have one like US or EU or India ? Why are we being divided in the formation of an actual foreign policy of our own soil ? Who should be responsible of it ? Can we just fix it by blaming our history ?
There are several such questions needed to be clarify now. US president Barack Obama says, “Change will not come, if we wait for some other person or some other time, we are the ones we are waiting for. We are the change that we seek.”